WVGES Trace Elements in West Virginia Coals

Click Here To Go To Trace Elements Framed Home Page ANTIMONY (Sb)

Antimony Stratigraphic DistributionAntimony Geographic DistributionAntimony Summary Statistics

Antimony is one of the Clean Air Act, Title III Hazardous Air Pollutant elements with concentrations in most coals too low to be considered environmentally hazardous.

Geologic Distribution: Antimony occurrence in most coals is unclear but it is believed to be associated with the organic fraction of the coal 1.  Antimony is also believed to occur in small sulfide grains, probably stibnite, dispersed in the organic fraction of coal 2. Probably because Sb was associated with the organic fraction, and in very low abundance, the element showed no trends in stratigraphic or geographic distribution in West Virginia coals.  Whole coal antimony averaged 1.02 ppm, and did not statistically correlate with ash yield, total sulfur, pyritic sulfur or any other trace elements.

Economic Impact: Antimony is used as a hardener in lead for storage batteries, also in solders and other alloys, and is used in flame retardants in children's clothing, toys, aircraft and automobile seat covers 3.

Environmental Impact: Antimony is low in abundance in West Virginia coals, but coal combustion is one of the primary sources of atmospheric Sb along with volcanic emissions, metal smelting and waste incineration 1.

    1. Swaine, D.J., (1990)
    2. Finkelman, R.B., (1981)
    3. USGS Minerals Information web site
To request specific information from a Survey geologist click here.

WVGES Welcome Page

Page last revised: March 1, 2002

Please send questions, comments, and/or suggestions to webmaster.
Page created and maintained by:
            West Virginia Geological & Economic Survey
  Address:  Mont Chateau Research Center
            Cheat Lake exit off I-68
            P.O. Box 879
            Morgantown, WV  26507-0879
Telephone:  1-800-WV-GEOLOgy (1-800-984-3656) or 304-594-2331
      FAX:  304-594-2575
    Hours:  8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. EST, Monday - Friday
Permission to reproduce this material is granted if acknowledgment is given to the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey.