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Posters and Presentations at Scientific and other Meetings

Presentation to the West Virginia Land and Mineral Owners Association's 2017 Annual Meeting

May 10-11, 2017 in Parkersburg, West Virginia, USA

Overview of the Rogersville shale in West Virginia

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The Marcellus and Utica-Point Pleasant dominate shale gas production in the Appalachian Basin. While the Middle Cambrian (~500 million years old) Rogersville Shale is not a current gas play, does the Rogersville have the potential to be a productive play in West Virginia? The Rogersville is an organic-rich dark shale mixed with siltstone and carbonates. It is relatively deep in West Virginia, approximatetly 10,000 to 17,000 feet below land surface, which is about 7,000 to 9,000 feet below the Marcellus and about 5,000 feet below the Utica-Point Pleasant. Deposition is limited to within the Rome Trough, an extensional graben (down-dropped block) part of an interior rift system (pulling apart) formed during the opening of the Iapetus Ocean. Several wells have been completed in Kentucky where the Rogersville is shallower (5,000 to 10,0000 feet deep). It ranges in thickness from 0 to over 1,000 feet, but is not organic rich throughout its entire thickness. The presentation discusses how the Rogersville differs from the Marcellus and Utica-Point Pleasant, why it has potential for development, and some of the reasons it has not been developed as a gas play yet.
PDF of presentation ''slides''              (Download the presentation pdf icon PDF, 5.6 MB - Large)

Poster Presented at the Southeastern Section, Geological Society of America's (SE-GSA), 66th Annual Meeting

March 30-31, 2017 in Richmond, Virginia, USA

Developing a Karst Map for West Virginia

HOHN, Michael E., MCCREERY, Samantha, MOORE, Jessica Pierson, and DINTERMAN, Philip A.
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Regulatory agencies increasingly consider karst terrain when issuing environmental permits. The state Legislature tasked the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey (WVGES) with developing a map showing areas of potential karst. Soluble rock units, including portions of the Greenbrier and Helderberg limestones, occur near or at the surface in the eastern and southeastern parts of the state. Using a digitized map of the Geology of West Virginia at 1:250,000 scale, WVGES geologists created a map showing where thick carbonate units crop out, and overlaid locations of publically-known caves as well as information from various karst-related datasets. Where available, modern WVGES maps at a scale of 1:24,000 created with funding from the National Park Service and the US Geological Survey STATEMAP program were invaluable in developing the map. While useful at its present scale, the statewide karst map can be refined further with completion of 1:24,000 scale mapping of quadrangles with karst terrain, observation of surface karst features from LidAR data, and hydrological studies.
One panel, 90 by 42 inches              (Download the poster pdf icon PDF, 8.7 MB - Large)

Poster Presented at the Eastern Section, American Association of Petroleum Geologist's (ES-AAPG), 45th Annual Meeting

September 24-28, 2016 in Lexington, Kentucky

Development of Quick-Look Maps for CO2-EOR Opportunities in the Appalachian and Michigan Basins

Eric Lewis, Jessica P. Moore, Philip Dinterman, Michael E. Hohn, Ronald McDowell, and Susan Pool

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The West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey has a method to design "quick-look" maps illustrating state-specific opportunities for additional oil recovery in legacy oil fields via carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR). These maps contain a variety of field-specific data, including CO2 storage capacity, residual oil in place, and oil gravity. This work is part of the comprehensive characterization of carbon capture utilization and storage for the Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership.
Two panels/pages              (Download the poster pdf icon PDF, 8.7 MB - Large)

Posters Presented at the Geological Society of America's (GSA) Annual Meeting

November 1-4, 2015 in Baltimore, MD

Bedrock Geology of the New River Gorge National River, West Virginia: Mapping Ten Quadrangles in the New River Gorge for the National Park Service

Paula J. Hunt, Gayle H. (Scott) McColloch, Jane S. McColloch, and Bascombe Mitch Blake Jr.
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The National Parks Service (NPS) contracted with WVGES to map bedrock geology in and around the New River Gorge National River park unit. The NPS protects over 53 miles (85 km) of the New River Gorge within the park boundary, and the map area includes ten United States Geological Survey 7½-minute topographic quadrangles. The area is known for its incredible scenery and abundant recreational opportunities, including hiking, cycling, rock climbing, hunting, fishing, and whitewater rafting. Four West Virginia State Parks (Hawks Nest, Babcock, Bluestone, Little Beaver) and the Army Corps of Engineers' Bluestone Lake and Dam are located in the map area, as is a large portion of the Boy Scouts of America's Summit Bechtel Reserve. The New River Gorge mapping project aids in defining the boundaries of paleovalleys filled with Mississippian and Pennsylvanian quartz-rich fluvial sands that became the Princeton, Pineville, Upper Raleigh, and Nuttall sandstones.
One panel, 90 by 42 inches              (Download the poster pdf icon PDF, 4.2 MB)

Using Fossils to Aid in Bedrock Mapping: Examples from West Virginia

Ronald R. McDowell1, Paula J. Hunt1, Mary Sue Burns2, Goldie McClure2
1West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey, 2Pocahontas County High School, Dunmore, WV
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The presence or absence of individual fossils or assemblages of fossils (both body fossils and ichnofossils - trace fossils) can be equally important during field mapping. The numbers and diversity of fossils are also important as an adjunct lithologic property to help differentiate and identify rock units while mapping Paleozoic siliciclastic and carbonate rocks in West Virginia. Fossil eveidence or lack thereof can be an indicator of a particular set of environmental conditions during deposition of individual stratigraphic units. For example, the shales and minor sandstones of the Devonian Brallier Formation are typically devoid of body fossils but contain a unique, easily recognizable trace fossil; similar strata of the overlying Devonian Foreknobs Formation are typically highly fossiliferous and contain a diverse and prolific assemblage of trace fossils; similar strata of overlying Devonian Hampshire Formation are typically barren except for rare plant fossils.
One panel, 90 by 42 inches              (Download the poster pdf icon PDF, 14.5 MB)

Poster Presented at the Eastern Section, American Association of Petroleum Geologist's (ES-AAPG), 44th Annual Meeting

September 20-22, 2015 in Indianapolis, Indiana

Evaluation of Potential Stacked Shale-Gas Reservoirs Across Northern and North-Central West Virginia

Jessica P. Moore1, Susan E. Pool1, Philip A. Dinterman1, J. Eric Lewis1, and Ray Boswell2
1West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey, 2National Energy Technology Laboratory
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Three shale-gas units underlying northern and north-central West Virginia create opportunity for one horizontal well pad to produce from multiple zones. The Upper Ordovician Utica/Point Pleasant, Middle Devonian Marcellus, and Upper Devonian Burket/Geneseo Shales yield significant quantities of hydrocarbons in this area, and comparison of individual reservoir characteristics enables construction of fairway maps for each play.
One panel, each 84 by 48 inches              (Download the poster pdf icon PDF, 7.3 MB - large)

Posters Presented at the Geological Society of America's (GSA) Northeastern Section Annual Meeting

March 23-25, 2014 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 46, No. 2, p.0

Surprises from the Devonian Foreknobs Formation of Eastern West Virginia

Ronald R. McDowell, Katharine Lee Avary, Jaana E. Hitzig, Jaen E. Sidney, and George N. Case
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Unusual microfossils recently recovered from the Upper Devonian Foreknobs Formation (Greenland Gap Group) of eastern West Virginia suggest that the paleoenvironmental model for the unit may need revision or refinement. Rock samples from lowermost Foreknobs containing a combination of sedimentary material suggests paleoenvironments ranging from fluvial to brackish water lagoon to back-reef marine to normal marine shelf. While the assemblage probably represents a storm deposit, it indicates sedimentary "sampling" of Foreknobs depositional environments that are not preserved or not yet exposed in this part of the Appalachians.
One page 92 by 48 inches             (Download the poster pdf icon PDF, 14MB - large!)

The Shifting Landscape of Marcellus Shale Development in West Virginia

Philip A. Dinterman, Susan E. Pool, Jessica Pierson Moore, J. Eric Lewis, and Jennifer L. Luczko
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West Virginia, known historically as a coal producing state, has recently experienced a dramatic increase in natural gas production from the Marcellus Shale. Since 2005, over 2100 Marcellus wells have been drilled in the state. A number of vertical wells penetrated and produced from the Marcellus Shale before 2005, but use of the technical combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing of wells created a rapid escalation of shale gas drilling in the Appalachian basin. Projections for future production continue to increase. The West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey continuously updates a database for all oil and gas activity in West Virginia while conducting geological research. Current research includes the examination of the geological controls on the Marcellus Shale as well as a volumetric resource assessment of Marcellus potential in the State.
One page 84 by 42 inches             (Download the poster pdf icon PDF, 10.4MB - large)

West Virginia Earthquakes: Crustal Adjustments along The Rome Trough or Something Else?

Ronald R. McDowell, J. Eric Lewis, and Philip A. Dinterman
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Since 1966, there have been 33 instrumentally recorded earthquakes recognized in western West Virginia within or adjacent to the structural feature known as the Rome Trough. This structure is a fault-bounded graben involving basement rocks thought to be related to failed rifting of the North American plate during the Precambrian. Interestingly, 7 of the 11 "shallow" earthquakes occurred in Braxton County, WV in a single year (2010). We speculate that the "deeper" earthquakes are associated with isolated, recurrent fault movements in response to ancient crustal stresses within and along the margins of the Rome Trough. The "shallow" earthquakes recorded in Braxton County may reflect slip related to injection activity from a saltwater disposal well that injects at a depth of 1.7 km in close proximity to a recently discovered normal fault.
One page 92 by 48 inches             (Download the poster pdf icon PDF, 14MB - large!)

Poster Presented at the American Association of Petroleum Geologist's (AAPG) Annual Convention and Exhibition

May 19-22, 2013 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Assessing Suitability of Depleted Fields for Enhanced Oil Recovery in West Virginia

Jessica P. Moore, Philip A. Dinterman, J. Eric Lewis, Jennifer L. Luczko, and Susan E. Pool
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Oil production has been a part of West Virginia's economy since 1860. Cumulative statewide oil production rates peaked at 16 million barrels in 1900 and began a steady decline that led to eventual abandonment of many early fields. Of the remaining active fields, several continue to be economically viable today due to secondary recovery water floods and are the focus of examination for potential tertiary recovery via CO2 floods. As part of an effort led by the Midwestern Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) to identify potential carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) opportunities, the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey is examining reservoir parameters in an attempt to establish a suitability ranking system for WV oil fields. Key characteristics were derived from existing sources and several fields were identified as potential targets for more detailed characterization. Many of West Virginia's coal-fired power plants are situated within 20 miles of EOR suitable fields and would be readily-available sources of CO2 if the cost of retrofitting the plants became economically viable.
Three panels, each 84 by 42 inches:
(Download Panel 1 pdf icon PDF, 17.0MB - large!), (Download Panel 2 pdf icon PDF, 10.5MB - large), (Download Panel 3 pdf icon PDF, 1.4MB)
Page last revised June 9, 2017.
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