WVGES

GeoEducational Resources
More than 800,000 page visits since July, 2009




Overview

Earth Science is set to become an integral, and permanent, part of the West Virginia K-12 Science Curriculum. The WVGES Geoscience Education Program promoted the inclusion of earth science content from 1992 to 2009. Called RockCamp, the program was based on the idea that recurrent teacher participation in a series of increasingly complex professional development sessions was the key to building a strong state-wide community of earth science educators willing to acquire, share, and modify pedagogical content knowledge. Recognizing the vast amount of educational material RockCamp’s participants and staff created, the WVGES has made a commitment to reconstruct and freely disseminate that material in digital-accessible formats. Lacking our previous ability to conduct face-to-face discussions over the actual classroom implementation of each product, it now becomes the teachers' responsibility to modify the material as they see fit. This site, a growing and evolving entity, has benefited from the contributions of Professor John Renton, WVU Geology Department, and Betty Schleger, WVGES.

USER NOTE: PowerPoint presentations and slides were generated using PowerPoint 2010 to utilize its widescreen and interactive capabilities. To properly access a PowerPoint file, first save the file to your computer. Once saved, open the file using your computer's PowerPoint program. On some computers and with some versions of PowerPoint you will be required to manually click "slideshow" to fully utilize the interactive features of the presentation. In slideshow/presentation mode, clicking a highlighted word will open a temporary content window. To close the temporary window, click on it anywhere.

Geology Content Knowledge
These publications build upon each other. A review of previous discussions may enhance understanding of newer material.

Conceptual Understanding Series for West Virginia Teachers: Plate Tectonics
Icon of Plate Tectonics, booklet cover
(ED-15, J. J. Renton, T. E. Repine, Jr., 2009, 29 p, 31 f, 8.5” x 14”)
Booklet to assist the K-12 science teacher in understanding and teaching introductory theories and concepts of plate tectonics. Classroom activities and demonstrations. Engaging and well illustrated conversational text style. Free printable digital PDF version and downloadable JPG illustrations (that can be used for projection purposes). See also more in this series: ED-16, ED-17.   (PDF icon PDF, 2.5 MB)
View and download the images from this publication: ED-15 Illustrations (.pptx, 6.2 MB).

Conceptual Understanding Series for West Virginia Teachers: Sedimentary Rocks
Icon of Sedimentary Rocks, booklet cover
(ED-16, J. J. Renton, T. E. Repine, Jr., 2011, 48 p, 91 f, 8.5” x 14”)
Booklet to assist the K-12 science teacher in understanding and teaching introductory theories and concepts covering the formation and deformation of sedimentary rocks. Classroom activities and demonstrations. Engaging and well illustrated conversational text style. Free printable digital PDF version and downloadable JPG illustrations (that can be used for projection purposes). See also more in this series: ED-15, ED-17.   (PDF icon PDF, 7.7 MB)
View and download the images from this publication: ED-16 Illustrations, Part 1 (Figures 1 to 44) (.pptx, 12.3 MB); ED-16 Illustrations, Part 2 (Figures 45 to 91) (.pptx, 11.6 MB).

Conceptual Understanding Series for West Virginia Teachers: Igneous Rocks
Icon of Igneous Rocks, booklet cover
(ED-17, J. J. Renton, T. E. Repine, Jr., 2013, 19 p, 31 f, 8.5” x 14”)
Booklet to assist the K-12 science teacher in understanding and teaching introductory theories and concepts covering the formation and identification of common igneous rocks. Classroom activities and demonstrations. Engaging and well illustrated conversational text style. Free printable digital PDF version and downloadable JPG illustrations (that can be used for projection purposes). See also more in this series: ED-15, ED-16.   (PDF icon PDF, 3.4 MB)
View and download the images from this publication: ED-17 Illustrations (.pptx, 7.7 MB).

Content PowerPoint Presentations
These files provide content in the indicated content areas and were constructed to take advantage of the interactive nature of PowerPoint in its presentation mode. To properly access the material, first save the file to your computer. Once saved, open it on your own computer using PowerPoint. On some computers, you may be required to turn on the presentation mode in PowerPoint to use the files correctly. In presentation (slideshow) mode, click highlighted word to open window. Click open window to close. Files function best in PowerPoint 2010. The files may NOT work correctly if opened directly from the WVGES web page, especially if using Internet Explorer.
Plate Tectonics
 

 
.ppsx, 3.2 MB
Depositional
Environments

 
.ppsx, 2.3 MB
Characteristics of
Sedimentary Rocks

 
.ppsx, 1.7 MB
Physiographic
Provinces

 
.ppsx, 958 KB
Geologic Maps
 

 
.ppsx, 557 KB
Fossil Quiz
 

 
.pptx, 8.4 MB
Earth Science Classroom Activities
Adaptive Earth Science Activities
Icon of Adaptive Earth Science Activities booklet cover
(ED-13, 1998, 78 p.)
Compilation of earth science activities and projects for kindergarten through 12th-grade classroom use, designed and tested by West Virginia teachers participating in the Survey's RockCamp earth science education project. Includes objectives, materials needed, procedures, assessments, and teaching suggestions. Well illustrated.
(PDF icon PDF, 1.69 MB)
Best of...
Classroom activities designed to satisfy requirements for various levels of RockCamp participation. The original activity lesson plans have been reconstructed to take advantage of the interactive nature of PowerPoint in presentation mode. To properly access the material, first save the file to your computer. Once saved, open it on your own computer using PowerPoint. On some computers, you may be required to turn on the presentation (slideshow) mode in PowerPoint to use the files correctly. In presentation mode, click buttons to reveal text. Click button again to close. Includes objectives, time requirements, materials needed, procedures, assessments, and teaching suggestions. Files function best in PowerPoint 2010. The files may NOT work correctly if opened directly from the WVGES web page, especially if using Internet Explorer.
.ppsx, 117 KB
 
And the Winner Is
.ppsx, 99 KB
 
Latitude and Longitude
.ppsx, 127 KB
 
Core Sampling
.ppsx, 115 KB
 
Analogy of Relative Humidity
.ppsx, 112 KB
 
How Much Lime is in Limestone?
.ppsx, 89 KB
 
Parking Lot Gravel
 
 
.ppsx, 181 KB
 
Groundwater Flowmeister
.ppsx, 81 KB
 
Epicenters
.ppsx, 139 KB
 
Star Gazing Inside
.ppsx, 109 KB
 
Let's Talk Trash
.ppsx, 111 KB
 
Contour Line Activity
.ppsx, 165 KB
 
Our Earth's Address
 
 
.ppsx, 111 KB
 
Mudcracks: A Clue to the Earth's Past
.ppsx, 87 KB
 
Are All Limestones Created Equal?
.ppsx, 79 KB
 
Whether it Weathers?
.ppsx, 132 KB
 
Spelunking: Exploring Caves and Caverns
.ppsx, 246 KB
 
Make Your Own Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram
.ppsx, 671 KB
 
Fossil Origins
 
 
.ppsx, 80 KB
 
Weathering and Fossil Preservation
.ppsx, 98 KB
 
Compass Treasure Hunt
.ppsx, 86 KB
 
Pasta Paleontology
.ppsx, 89 KB
 
Rock Riddles
.ppsx, 160 KB
 
Deep Ocean Current Forces
.ppsx, 850 KB
 
Fossils in Time
 
 
.ppsx, 92 KB
 
Name that Rock
.ppsx, 117 KB
 
Mighty Metamorphic Power Rocks
.ppsx, 109 KB
 
Musical Rocks
.ppsx, 100 KB
 
Modeling Geologic Columns with Sand Art
.ppsx, 73 KB
 
Doughy Topos
.ppsx, 140 KB
 
Black-Box Ocean Floor Landforms
 
 
.ppsx, 112 KB
 
Constellation Box Activity
.ppsx, 75 KB
 
Oooh What A Relief It Is...
.ppsx, 183 KB
 
Strike and Dip
.ppsx, 112 KB
 
Solar System Travel Company
.ppsx, 338 KB
 
A Constructivist Model of Geologic Time
.ppsx, 75 KB
 
Drawing from the Past and Building on that Knowledge
 
 
.ppsx, 91 KB
 
Exploring the Geologic Time Scale
Published Activity Ideas
Icon of Earch Science Activities booklet cover
Earth science/geology activities ideas authored by RockCamp participants and previously published in the National Science Teachers Association journals The Science Teacher and Science Scope. Provided at no cost.
(PDF icon PDF, 222 MB)

Actitivies in Historical Geology
Icon of Activities in Historical Geology booklet cover
Activities from the out-of-print West Virginia Through Geologic Time (ED-14).
(PDF icon PDF, 2.06 MB)
Hexaflexagons
Icon of a complete and folded hexaflexagon

Hexaflexagon—A three dimensional study tool that you can make! Also known as a "kaleidocycle", the hexaflexagon idea is based on a "trihexaflexagon" devised by a British student, Arthur H. Stone, while studying at Princeton University in the late 1930's. Strips of paper are folded and taped in such a way to produce a "flexible" 3-D model.

View the video for the Sedimentary Rock hexafelxagon below to see how to construct one.
Download and print any of the templates and try one yourself!

Instructional Video

Hexaflexagon Templates

Download and print the following templates in JPG or PDF.
For JPG files, click on the link for JPG, right click on the large image and choose "Save Picture as" to download the image to your computer.

Sedimentary Rock (2946 x 1060 pixels)
Thumbnail image of the Sedimentary Rocks Hexaflexagon template JPG icon JPG, 365 KB
PDF icon PDF, 397 KB
Rock Puzzle (2987 x 1042 pixels)
Thumbnail image of the Rock Puzzle Modified Hexaflexagon template JPG icon JPG, 333 KB
PDF icon PDF, 56 KB
Continental Drift (2891 x 1035 pixels)
Thumbnail image of the Continental Drift Hexaflexagon template JPG icon JPG, 339 KB
PDF icon PDF, 366 KB
Continental Movement (2945 x 1063 pixels)
Thumbnail image of the Continental Movement Hexaflexagon template JPG icon JPG, 358 KB
PDF icon PDF, 53 KB
West Virginia Trackway

Trackway—Introducing students to an ongoing scientific exercise can be accomplished by using the material provided here. It is best to begin this process by reading the General Information file. Actual real life 1:1 scale illustrations of each track are provided in the Cut-Outs file. It will allow you to print two tracks per page which can then be cut out and used by students. The Printing Hints file may prove helpful. The actual pattern required to duplicate the original trackway can be derived from the Plot Guide. Note that each track has two reference points (a dot and an arrow) each with x, y coordinates. Tape applied to the floor in the shape of X versus Y axes can allow for plotting the location of each track using its two reference points. The completed trackway should look something like the one shown in the Plot Guide and Answer Key. Once plotting is finished, trackway analysis can begin. Begin by asking how many feet the animal walked on. From here you can proceed to trying to get students to see how four-footed motion can be discerned from the trackway. The three files found under Step Key will be useful at this point. For example, the first set of related tracks numbered 12, 13, 1, and 4. Another file is an animation depicting foot placement. This four-footed animal always had three feet in contact with the ground. Tips of digits count. Only one foot was moved at a time. Furthermore, the posture was one of two feet together on one side and two feet apart on the other side. This posture would be repeated when the next step was taken. You can illustrate this by using the Animated Trackway found within the Step Key file and by using the Body Form images. The body form images provide visual help but will only work properly with a fully plotted, life-size, trackway. Finally, trackway measurements, discussed in the General Information Guide, can be modeled after those shown by the plotted Answer Key.

  • General Information, Cut-Outs, Step Key, and Printing Hints
    .doc, 87 KB .pdf, 9.14 MB Activity Answer Key, .pdf, 6 KB
    Activity Sheet, .pdf, 6 KB
    Animated Trackway, .wmv, 280 KB

    .doc, 69 KB
    General Information   Cut-Outs   Step Key   Printing Hints  
  • Plot Guide and Answer Key
    PDF icon PDF, 2.13 MB PDF icon PDF, 2.15 MB
  • Body Form
    PDF icon PDF, 27 KB PDF icon PDF, 27 KB
Field Trip Guides
Geology Field Trip Guide
Geology Field Trip Guide
Geology road guide from Morgantown to Spruce Knob and places in between. Multiple illustrations used to discuss geological differences of the various West Virginia geological provinces encountered during the trip. Note: Some stratigraphic terminology and correlations may not adhere to those currently in use by the WVGES. Review the most current WVGES stratigraphic terminology.
(PDF icon PDF, 2.37 MB)
View and download the images from this publication: Geology Field Trip Guide Illustrations...coming soon!.

I68/I70: A Window to the Appalachians
I68/I70:  A Window to the Appalachians
Interstate 68/70 geology road guide. A 160-mile road guide from Morgantown, West Virginia to Frederick, Maryland highlighting the major structural components of the Appalachian Mountains along interstates 68 and 70. Note: Some stratigraphic terminology and correlations may not adhere to those currently in use by the WVGES. Review the most current WVGES stratigraphic terminology.
(PDF icon PDF, 3.7 MB)
View and download the images from this publication: I68/I70 Road Guide Illustrations.

Animations and Videos
.wmv, 936 KB
37 sec
 
Relative Age Dating #1
.wmv, 670 KB
25 sec
 
Relative Age Dating #2
.wmv, 740 KB
28 sec
 
Faults
.wmv, 834 KB
19 sec
 
Seneca Rocks
.wmv, 157.85 MB
11 min 10 sec
 
Why Care About Rocks?
.mpg, 7.76 MB
53 sec
 
Sandstone
.mpg, 18.79 MB
1 min 8 sec
 
Acid Test
.wmv, 280 KB
9 sec
 
Trackway
Annotated Geology Illustrations
Classroom illustrations designed and used by Dr. J. Renton, WVU Geology Department. Grouped by content. Each illustration is accompanied by a short description/discussion. Illustration may be used in many different ways, especially in a learning cycle mode. Text may be ripped from image to project clean image for classroom white board use, provided as non-text images for note-taking, assessing prior knowledge, or content application. Colored graphics of original line drawings by Betty Schleger, WVGES. More illustrations coming soon!
Coastlines Deserts Energy Faults and Folds Glaciers Groundwater Mass Wasting Minerals Plate Tectonics Sedimentary Rocks
.pptx, 2,376 KB
 
Coastlines
.pptx, 2,683 KB
 
Deserts
.pptx, 636 KB
 
Energy
.pptx, 1,862 KB
 
Faults and Folds
.pptx, 2,101 KB
 
Glaciers
.pptx, 2,243 KB
 
Groundwater
.pptx, 353 KB
 
Mass Wasting
.pptx, 499 KB
 
Minerals
.pptx, 2,476 KB
 
Plate Tectonics
.pptx, 505 KB
 
Sedimentary Rocks
 
 
Volcanoes and Volcanism Weathering and Soils
.pptx, 1,969 KB
 
Volcanoes
.pptx, 1,202 KB
 
Weathering and Soils
Illustrations
Geologic Time
Some of these illustrations are technically incorrect but still useful until updates become available. Their inaccuracy provides a clear example of the nature of science. Browse the internet to discover how the familiar Pennsylvanian and Mississippian terms have been downgraded to subsystems of the Carboniferous Period.
Palezoic Periods #1 Paleozoic Periods #2 Mesozoic Era Geologic Time Scale Precambrian Eon and Eras
Paleozoic Periods #1 Paleozoic Periods #2 Mesozoic Era Geologic Time Scale Precambrian Eon and Eras
Geologic Maps
Geologic Map of West Virginia (1) Geologic Map of West Virginia (2) Geologic Map of West Virginia (3) link to Geologic Map of West Virginia page
Geologic Map of
West Virginia
(shades of blue, green, and purple on white)
Geologic Map of
West Virginia
(shades of blue, green, and pink on white)
Geologic Map of
West Virginia
(shades of blue, green, and pink on black)
Geologic Map of
West Virginia
(interactive, layerd PDF, using USGS colors)
Physiographic Provinces
Appalachian Plateau and Allegheny Front Allegheny Front #1 Great Valley Blue Ridge Mountains Appalachian Plateau Allegheny Front #2 Geologic Provinces Cross-Section #1 Geologic Block Diagram along Allegheny Front Valley & Ridge Folding and Faulting Map of Geologic Provinces #1
Appalachian Plateau and Allegheny Front Allegheny Front #1 Great Valley Blue Ridge Mountains Appalachian Plateau Allegheny Front #2 Geologic Provinces Cross-Section #1 Geologic Block Diagram along Allegheny Front Valley & Ridge Folding and Faulting Map of Geologic Provinces #1
Geologic Provinces Cross-Section #2 Plateau Province Map Valley & Ridge Province Map Great Valley Province Map Geologic Province Map #3
Geologic Provinces Cross-Section #2 Plateau Province Map Valley & Ridge Province Map Great Valley Province Map Geologic Province Map #3
Fossils
Blastoid Bryozoan #1 Bryozoan #2 Horn Coral Crinoid with a Section of Stem Crinoid with a Section of Stem Crinoid with a Section of Stem Brachiopod #1 Brachiopod #2 Brachiopod #3
Blastoid Bryozoan #1 Bryozoan #2 Horn Coral Crinoid with a Section of Stem Crinoid Stem Crinoid Stem
Top View
Brachiopod #1 Brachiopod #2 Brachiopod #3
Brachiopod #4 Brachiopod #5 Gastropod #1 Gastropod #2 Gastropod #3 Eurypterid Graptolite Trilobite #1 Trilobite #2 Pelecypod
Brachiopod #4 Brachiopod #5 Gastropod #1 Gastropod #2 Gastropod #3 Eurypterid Graptolite Trilobite #1 Trilobite #2 Pelecypod
Linoproductus Juresania Alethopteris Annularia Neuropteris Pecopteris #1 Pecopteris #1
Linoproductus Juresania Alethopteris Annularia Neuropteris Pecopteris #1 Pecopteris #2
Links to Interesting Topics on WVGES Website
West Virginia Geology http://www.wvgs.wvnet.edu/www/geology/geology.htm Many articles on various places across the State.
State Park Geology http://www.wvgs.wvnet.edu/www/news/geobulletin.htm Stretch your students conceptual knowledge by reading about the geology of well known state parks.
Field Mapping http://www.wvgs.wvnet.edu/www/statemap/statemap.htm Summary reports of ongoing mapping projects in eastern counties. Excellent geology photographs.
Geological Hazards http://www.wvgs.wvnet.edu/www/geohaz/geohaz3.htm Reprinted article from Mountain State Geology magazine that is a must concept for all students.
Earthquakes http://www.wvgs.wvnet.edu/www/earthquakes/seismic.html Updated by WVGES geologist Dr. Ron McDowell to show most recent large and local seismic activity.
Marcellus Shale Drilling http://www.wvgs.wvnet.edu/www/datastat/devshales.htm Lots of detailed data but several maps which should be of use. Use interactive map to pinpoint wells in your area!
Photographs of West Virginia Outcrops
Black and white photographs by Peter Lessing, WVGES, 1997. Arranged by topic and/or county to take advantage of the interactive nature of PowerPoint in its presentation mode. To properly access the material, first save the file to your computer. Once saved, open it on your own computer using PowerPoint. On some computers, you may be required to turn on the presentation (slideshow) mode in PowerPoint to use the files correctly. Files function best in PowerPoint 2010. The files may NOT work correctly if opened directly from the WVGES web page, especially if using Internet Explorer. These large files may take a while to save to your computer.
Photographs of West Virginia Outcrops by Topic Photographs of West Virginia Outcrops by County, Berkeley to Logan Photographs of West Virginia Outcrops by County, Marion to Morgan Photographs of West Virginia Outcrops by County, Pendleton to Wood
.pptx, 2.8 MB
 
By Topic
.pptx, 4.2 MB
 
By County:
Berkeley to
Logan
.pptx, 2.6 MB
 
By County:
Marion to
Morgan
.pptx, 3.2 MB
 
By County:
Pendleton to
Wood
Miscellaneous
.pdf, 2.6 MB
 
Geology for the Chemistry Teacher
.pdf, 5.4 MB
 
Concise Guide to Common Plant Fossils of West Virginia


For more information, contact Tom Repine, WVGES Education Specialist (repine@geosrv.wvnet.edu)


WVGES Welcome Page  Geoscience Education Introduction

Page last revised: February 17, 2015


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            West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey
  Address:  Mont Chateau Research Center
            1 Mont Chateau Road
            Morgantown, WV  26508-8079
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